What are Scales in Music: A Beginner’s Guide & Types


In music theory, music scales are the most important things you will learn. Scales are the foundation of music, where learning scales and scale charts will significantly improve your songwriting and capacity to discover new music. That’s why we are here to let you know the definition of music scales, as well as the tools to make them work on their own.

If you are learning to play a musical instrument, one of the first things you will know is how to play a significant scale. However, there are many other sorts of scales, so it is essential to understand them all. Others are joyous, some are sad, some have five notes, some have twelve notes, and some have no notes at all.

A scale in music is a series of notes grouped in either ascending or descending order of pitch in a musical notation system. As the notes of the ascending scale become more prominent, the notes of the descending scale become less prominent, and the notes of the ascending scale become progressively more pronounced. So, now you know what are scales in music.

List of Music Scales Degree Notes Names for Beginners

Learning music modes goes further basic music theory and is more sophisticated. However, it is helpful to be familiar with these terms and basic functions.

There are seven types of music scales notes:

1st degree: the tonic

2nd degree: the supertonic

3rd degree: the mediant

4th degree: the subdominant

5th degree: the dominant

6th degree: the submediant

7th degree: the leading note

The Scale Degree Names Explained Hello Music Theory

So, these are the basic music scales notes which are very helpful for musicians in recording sounds.

How Many Scales are there in Music?

There are different types of scale music that every guitarist should know. For example, chromatic, primary, and Natural/minor scales in music are the most frequently used. Let’s check out how many scales are there in music. We will start with all essential scales in music that are significant and minor scales.

Here are some essential music scales for beginners.

Major Scale

The major scale is generally the first music scale we learn, mainly because it has a bright, cheery demeanor and is one of the simplest scales to memories and play. The C major scale is formed by starting on the letter C and playing the seven white keys to the right in order. The notes are C D E F G A B.

Major Scale 1

Natural Minor

If you begin playing a major scale from the sixth note in the sequence, the interval pattern will generate the natural minor scale darker and moodier in tone than its primary scale counterpart. In this case, the 6th degree of C major is A, resulting in the letters A B C D E F G – A natural minor. C natural minor would be represented by the letters C D Eb F G Ab Bb.

Natural Minor

Harmonic Minor

The harmonic minor scale is similar to the natural minor scale, as it includes the same notes except for a 1 difference. The seventh note, usually a flat note in the natural minor, will be raised back to the normal or major scale.

In the key of C, the harmonic minor scale would be C D Eb F G Ab B.

Harmonic Minor


It includes all 12 notes built within an octave, the chromatic scale is often not used as a collection of every note you could play on the keyboard, making it a teaching and practice tool. As becomes a more practical scale than is overvalued. to use in your tracks.


Major Pentatonic

Unlike the major and minor scales, which each contain seven notes, the pentatonic scale has only five notes. The major pentatonic scale, which is primarily a major scale without fourth and seventh notes – C D E G A – is a mainstay of folk, blues, rock, and country music.

Major Pentatonic

Minor Pentatonic

With its major cousin, the minor version of the pentatonic scale removes two notes from its natural minor counterpart. The second and sixth degrees are notes that lack the minor pentatonic, so the C minor pentatonic would be written C Eb F G Bb instead of C Eb F G.

Minor Pentatonic

Blue Scale

This scale has six notes and is essentially a minor pentatonic scale with one additional note. As the name suggests, this scale is frequently used in blues music, but the notes can be played in any style, depending on the player. Here is the blues scale formula. In the key of C, the major blues scale is C D Eb E G A.

Whole Tone Scales

This type of music scale where each note is the interval of a whole step (tone). This contrasts with the chromatic scale, where each note is a half-step (semitone) apart. The whole tone scale is a type of hexatonic scale which means it has only six notes. This is because there is no half-step interval in the entire tone scale.

Whole Tone Scales

So, these are the different music scales of the guitar.

Indian Music Scales

This is well known that the Indian music scale is based on the concept of seven swaras (sapta swar). These swaras are: Shadaj, Rishabh, Gandhara, Madhyam, Dhaivata, and Nishad; Yet they are usually abbreviated to Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, and Ni. The positions of these swaras can vary greatly, so there must be a way to describe these scales. It is called “Mode” in English, “That” in Hindi, and “Mela” in South Indian languages.

Indian Music Scales


Music scales also give you a deeper understanding of music. So, these are the leading music scales for beginners, which every guitarist should know. Similarly, chords are also particularly important for musicians. There are many ways to practice this music theory. Try applying the concepts from this guide to your workflow. For more updates regarding music, keep scrolling Groovenexus.

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